Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Hans Schulz

  • Engler-Bunte-Institut, Bereich Chemische Energieträger - Brennstofftechnologie
    Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

    Geb. 40.02
    Engler-Bunte-Ring 3
    D-76131 Karlsruhe

    SCOPUS ID: 7403266670

Ausgewählte Veröffentlichungen


1. Methanol-conversion on zeolites, 2. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, 3. HDS-, HDN-, HDO-reactions in liquid fuel refining, 4. Hydrocracking of saturated hydrocarbons, 5. Gas chromatography for petroleum chemistry, 6. Diesel-engine exhaust pollutants, 7. Catalytic cracking of paraffins, 8. Continuous gas chromatography, 9. Oil shale pyrolysis, 10. Miscellaneous

1. Methanol conversion on zeolites

About the Mechanism of Methanol Conversion on Zeolites
Applied Catalysis A General, 602, 2020, 117695 2014
Hans Schulz

Confinements on growth sites of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, manifesting in hydrocarbon-chain branching –Nature of growth site and growth-reaction
Catalysis Letters, 148, 2018, 1263, (Perspective Article) 2014
Hans Schulz

Pools and constraints in methanol conversion to olefins and fuels on zeolite HZSM5
Top Catal DOI 10.1007/s11244-013-0225-9 and Top Cal, 57, 2014, 683-692
H. Schulz, M. Wei
„Coking“ of zeolites during methanol conversion; Basic reactions of the MTO-, MTP- and MTG processes
Catalysis Today, 154, 2010, 183
Hans Schulz
Deactivation and thermal regeneration of zeolite H-ZSM-5 for methanol conversion at low temperature (260–290°C)
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 29, 1999, 205
H. Schulz, M. Wei
Kinetic regimes of zeolite deactivation and reanimation
Appl. Catalysis A: General, 132, 1995, 29
H. Schulz, K. Lau, M. Claeys
Deactivation of H-ZSM-5 zeolite during methanol conversion: Kinetic probing of pore-architecture and acidic properties
Stud. in Surf. Sci., Catal., 68, 1991, 783
H. Schulz, D. Barth, S. Zhao
Autocatalysis, retardation, reanimation and deactivation during methanol conversion on zeolite H-ZSM-5
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 60, 1991, 281
H. Schulz, S. Zhao, H. Kusterer
Comparison of shape selectivity of coke formation in different zeolites
Proc. 9th Intern. Zeolite Conference, Montreal 1992
H. Schulz, W. Boehringer, S. Zhao
Autocatalysis of methanol conversion on zeolite H-ZSM-5
8th Intern. Zeolite Conf., Eds.: J.H. Jansen, L. Moscou, M.E. Post;P.: 411, Akzo Chemicals, Amsterdam, 1989
H. Schulz, Z. Siwei, W. Boehringer
Coke forming reactions during methanol conversion on zeolite catalysts Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 34, 1987, 479
(Proc. 4th Intern. Symposium Catalyst Deactivation, Antwerpen, 1987)
H. Schulz, S. Zhao, W. Baumgartner

2. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis

Selforganization in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis with iron- and cobalt catalysts
Catalysis Today 228, 2014, 113–122
H. Schulz
Principles of Fischer–Tropsch synthesis—Constraints on essential reactions ruling FT-selectivity
Catalysis Today 214, 2013, 140–151
H. Schulz
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and hydroformylation on cobalt catalysts: The thermodynamic control
In “Advances in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis” Chapter 9, P. 165-183, Eds.: B. H. Davis, M. L. Occelli, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2010
H. Schulz
Comparing Fischer-Tropsch synthesis on iron- and cobalt catalysts: The dynamics of structure and function
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 163, 2007, 177
H. Schulz
Spatial constraints and frustrated reactions in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Catalysis Today, 84, 2003, 67
H. Schulz
Construction of the Fischer-Tropsch regime with cobalt catalysts
Catalysis Today, 71, 2002, 351
H. Schulz, Zh. Nie, F. Ousmanov
Selectivity of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Spatial constraints and forbidden reactions
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 136, 2001, 159
H. Schulz, Zh. Nie
Selective inhibition - the intrinsic feature of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Transient initial episodes in FT synthesis with cobalt catalysts
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 130, 2000, 1145
H. Schulz, Zh. Nie
Short history and present trends of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Appl. Catal. A: General, 186, 1999, 3
H. Schulz
Comparative study of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with H2/CO and H2/CO2 syngas using Fe and Co-based catalysts
Appl. Catal. A: General, 186, 1999, 201
Th. Riedel, M. Claeys, H. Schulz, G. Schaub, S.-S.. Nam, K.-W. Jun, M.-J. Choi, G. Kishan, K.-W. Lee
Reactions of a-olefins of different chain length added during Fischer-Tropsch synthesis on a cobalt catalyst in a slurry reactor
Appl. Catal. A: General, 186, 1999, 71
H. Schulz, M. Claeys
Transient initial kinetic regimes of Fischer Tropsch synthesis
Appl. Catal. A: General, 186, 1999, 215
H. Schulz, G. Schaub, M. Claeys, Th. Riedel
Kinetic modelling of Fischer-Tropsch product distribution
Appl. Catal. A: General, 186, 1999, 91
H. Schulz, M. Claeys
Initial transient rates and selectivities of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with CO2 as carbon source
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 114, 1998, 159
H. Schulz, G. Schaub, M. Claeys, Th. Riedel, St. Walter
Initial episodes of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with cobalt catalysts
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 119, 1998, 191
H. Schulz, Zh. Nie, M. Claeys
Fuels and petrochemicals from CO2 via Fischer-Tropsch synthsis, steady state catalyst activity and selectivity
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 114, 1998, 443
Th. Riedel, St.Walter, M. Claeys, H. Schulz, G. Schaub
Effect of water partial pressure on steady state Fischer-Tropsch activity and selectivity of a promoted cobalt catalyst
Proc. 4th Intern. Gas Conv. Conf., Nov. 1995, Krueger Park, South Africa
H. Schulz, M. Claeys, S. Harms
Selectivity and mechanism of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with iron and cobalt catalysts
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 81, 1994, 455
H. Schulz, E. van Steen, M. Claeys
Specific inhibition as the kinetic principle of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Proc. Catalysis and Catalytic Processing, Cape Town, S.A., Oct. 1993, P. 321, Eds.:Catalysis
Society of South Africa
Synthesis Gas conversion on Fischer-Tropsch iron/H-ZSM-5 composite catalysts
Stud.Surf. Sci. Catal., 61, 1991, 313
H. Schulz, H.- L. Niederberger, M.Kneip, F. Weil
Regularities of selectivity as a key for discriminating FT surface reactions and formation of the dynamic system
Catalysis Letters 7, 1990, 157
H. Schulz, E. Erich, H. Gorre, E. van Steen
Kinetics of Fischer-Tropsch selectivity
Fuel Proc. Techn., 18, 1988, 293
H. Schulz, K. Beck, E. Erich
The Fischer-Tropsch CO-hydrogenation, a Non Trivial Surface Polymerization. Selectivity of chain branching
Proc. 9th Intern Congr. on Catalysis. Calgary 1988, Vol 2, P.829, Eds. M. J. Philips, M. Ternan, The Chemical Inst. of Canada, Ottawa 1988
H. Schulz, K. Beck, E. Erich
Mechanism of the Fischer Trosch process
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 36, 1988, 457
Hans Schulz, Klaus Beck, Egon Erich
Selectivity and mechanism of the Fischer-Tropsch CO-hydrogenation
C1-Mol. Chem. 1, 1985, 231
H. Schulz
Instationary initial phases of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Proc. 8th Intern Congr. on Catalysis, Berlin 1984, Vol 2, 1984, P. 123, Eds.: Dechema, Verlag Chemie, Weinheim, Germany, 1984
H. Schulz, E. Bamberger, H. Gorre
Fischer-Tropsch CO hydrogenation as a means for linear olefins production
in Catalysis of Organic Reactions, P. 153, Ed. J. R. Kosak; M. Dekker, New York 1984
(Proc. Catalysis of Organic Reactions, Charleston S.C. 1984)
H. Schulz, H.Goecebay
Selectivity of the Fischer-Tropsch CO-hydrogenation, initial selectivity generation and olefin formation with matrix iron catalysts
Proc. Intern. Coal Conversion Conference, Fiche 11, Row B, Col.2; Pretoria 1982
H. Schulz, E. Bamberger, H. Goecebay
Selectivity of the Fischer-Tropsch CO-hydrogenation
Proc. Symposium “Coal: Phoenix of the 80´s”, P. 486, (64 Annual CIC Conference, Halifax), Ed.:A. M. Al Taweel, C.S.Ch. Ottawa, 1982
H. Schulz, S. Roesch, H. Goecebay
Selektivität der Fischer-Tropsch Synthese
Proc. Intern. Conf. on Coal Science, Duesseldorf, 1981, P.: 522; Verlag Glueckauf, Essen 1981
H. Schulz, S. Roesch, H. Goeckebay
Chemicals, feedstocks and fuels from Fischer-Tropsch and related syntheses
Proc. “World Conf. on Future Sources of Organic Raw Materials”, Toronto, 1978, P.: 167, Eds.: L. E. St.-Pierre, G. R. Brown, Pergamon Press, Oxford/New York, 1980
H. Schulz
Fischer-Tropsch Synthese
Ullmanns Encyclopaedie der technischen Chemie, 4. Auflage, Band 14, P.: 329, Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1977
H. Schulz, J. Cronje
Molekülaufbau bei der Fischer-Tropsch Synthese. Reaktionsschritte des Molekülaufbaus durch katalytische Umstzung von Kohlenoxid und Wasserstoff
Erdoel und Kohle, 30, 1977, 123
H. Schulz
in „Chemierohstoffe aus Kohle“ P.: 272, Ed.: J. Falbe, Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1977
H. Schulz
Olefin reactions during the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Revista Portuguesa de Quimica, 19, 1977, 317
(Proc. 5th Iberoamerican Symposium on Catalysis, Lissabon 1976)
H. Schulz, H. D. Achtsnit
Neuere Erkenntnisse auf dem Gebiet der Synthese von Kohlenwasserstoffen aus CO und H2
Chem. Ing. Techn., 42, 1970, 1162
H. Pichler, H. Schulz
14C-Studien zum Reaktionsmechanismus der Fischer-Tropsch Synthese
Erdoel und Kohle, 23, 1970, 651
H. Schulz B. R. Rao, M. Elstner
Über die Zusammensetzung der aus Kohlenoxid und Wasserstoff unter verschiedenen Verfahrensbedingungen erzeugten Kohlenwasserstoffe
Brennstoff-Chemie, 49, 1968, 344
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, D. Kuehne
Über Folgereaktionen der bei der Fischer-Tropsch Synthese primär gebildeten Kohlenwasserstoffe
Liebigs Ann., 719, 1968, 61
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, B. R. Rao
Gesetzmaessigkeiten bei der Synthese von Kohlenwasserstoffen aus Kohlenoxid und Wasserstoff
Brennstoff-Chemie, 48, 1967, 78
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, M. Elstner
Die Synthese von a-Olefinen aus Kohlenoxid und Wasserstoff
Brennstoff-Chemie, 45, 1964, 215
H.Pichler, H. Schulz, F. Hojabri

3. HDS-, HDN-, HDO-reactions of liquid fuel refining

Principles of hydrogenative sulfur and nitrogen removal in petroleum chemistry
238th Meeting of the American Chemical Society Washington, DC 2009, Preprints Division of Petroleum Chemistry, 5th International Symposium on Hydrotreating/Hydrocracking Technologies
H. Schulz
Gas oil deep hydrodesulfurization: refractory compounds and retarded kinetics
Catalysis Today, 49, 1999, 87
H. Schulz, W. Böhringer, P. Waller, F. Ousmanov
Refractory sulfur compounds in gas oils
Fuel Proc. Techn. 61, 1999, 5
H. Schulz W. Boehringer, F. Ousmanov, P. Waller
Selectivity control through hydrogen availability in catalytic hydroconversion reactions
208th Meeting of the American Chemical Society Washington D.C. 1994, Preprints Division of Petroleum Chemistry, Symposium on hydrogen transfer in hydrocarbon processing
H. Schulz
Elementary steps of hydrogenative sulfur-, nitrogen- and oxygen removal from organic compounds on sulfided catalysts
Proc. 10th International Congress on Catalysis 1992, Budapest, Hungary
H. Schulz, N.M. Rahman
Comparative evaluaion of elemental reactions in HDS-, HDO- and HDN-Reactions
4th Workshop on Hydrotreatment, Louvain la Neuve, Belgique, 21–22, 11, 1991
W. Boehringer, H.Schulz
Alternative reaction routes during coal hydrogenation and coal-derived oil upgrading
Proc. 1989 Intern. Conf. on Coal Science,Tokyo, Oct. 1989, Vol. 2, P. 803; Eds. New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo, 1989
H. Schulz, G. Kordokuzis, M. Langner
Vergleichende Untersuchung der hydrierenden Stickstoffabspaltung aus Chinolin und Isochinolin
Chem. Ing. Techn., 59, 1987, 148
H. Schulz, M. Schon, D. Eichhorn, N.M.Rahman
Elementary steps of reaction during hydrogenative denitrogenation as related to the refining of liquid fuels
Proc. Intern. Coal and Gas Conversion Conference, Pretoria Aug. 1987, P. 601, Eds. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Pretoria, South Africa
H. Schulz
Hydroconversion of oxygen compounds as model reactions for coal-derived-oil upgrading
Proceedings 1987 Intern. Conf. on Coal Science, Maastricht 1987, P. 269, Ed. K. A Nater, Elsevier 1987
H. Schulz, N. M. G. Kodukuzis, L. D. Sharma
Hydrogenative denitrogenation of model compounds as related to the refining of liquid fuels
Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 27, 1986, 201
H. Schulz, M. Schon, N.M. Rahman
Competitive reactions of hydrogenative coal-derived-oil conversion
Proceedings 1985 Intern. Conf. on Coal Science, P. 114, Pergamon Press , New York 1984
H. Schulz, M. Schon, Dac Vong Do, Van Hung Nguyen, A. El Fayoumi,N. M. Rahma
Fast and slow steps of hydro-desulfurization
bull. Soc. Chem. Belg. 93, 1984, 645
(2nd Workshop Meeting on Hydrotreating Catalysts, Louvain la Neuve 1984)
H. Schulz, Dac Vong Do
Hydrogenative quinoline denitrogenation on Ni-W-alumina
Proc. 7th Intern. Congr. on Catalysis, Tokyo 1980, Part B, P. 1474; Eds. T. Seiyama, K. Tanabe, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1981
H. Schulz, H.-D. Eichhorn

4. Hydrocracking of saturated hydrocarbons

Olefin intermediates in catalytic hydrocracking of paraffins
J. Catal., 29, 1973, 361
H. Schulz, J. Weitkamp
Über das Hydrocracken gesättigter Kohlenwasserstoffe
Erdoel und Kohle 25, 1972, 494
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, H. O. Reitemeyer, J. Weitkamp
New disproportionation reaction of alicyclic hydrocarbons on bifunctional catalysts in the presence of hydrogen
Proc. 5thIntern. Congr.on Catalysis, P. 1229, Miami Beach 1972
H. Schulz, J. Weitkamp, H. Eberth
The formation of Aakanes with quarternary carbon atoms by catalytic hydrocracking
Preprints Petroleum Division, ACS Meeting New York Aug. 1972, (Symposium on Advances in Distillate and Residual Oil Technology)
H. Schulz, J. Weitkamp
Hydrocracking and hydroisomerization of n-dodecane on Pt- and Pd-zeolite catalysts
Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 1972, 1146
(Preprints Petroleum Division ACS-Meeting 1971)
H. Schulz, J. Weitkamp
Untersuchungen zum Reaktionsablauf des hydrierenden Spaltens von Paraffinen an einem Co-Mo-Al2O3-Katalysator
Erdoel und Kohle, 22, 1969, 617
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, H. O. Reitemeyer

5. Gas chromatography for petroleum chemistry

Time resolved selectivity in catalytic petroleum chemistry
241st Meeting of the American Chemical Society Anaheim 2011, Preprints Division of Petroleum Chemistry, Symposium “Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP) Studies for Sustainability, Energy and the Environment”
H. Schulz
Die Herstellung von Gas/Dampf Eichgemischen für die Gas Chromatographie
Erdoel und Kohle – Erdgas – Petrochemie, 39, 1986, 93
H. Schulz, S. Nehren
Entwicklung und Anwendung der Kapillar-GC Gesamtproben-Technik für Gas/Dampf Vielstoffgemische
DGMK Forschungsbericht 320, DGMK, Hamburg, 1984
H. Schulz, W. Boehringer, C. P. Kohl, N. M. Rahman, A. Will
Kapillar-GC Gesamtprobentechnik
Erdoel und Kohle, 36, 1983, 279
H. Schulz
Analyse olefinhaltiger Kohlenwasserstoffprodukte im Benzinbereich
Erdoel und Kohle, 27, 1974, 345
H. Schulz, N. Sedighi
Methoden und Technik der Gasanalyse
Fortschritte der Verfahrenstechnik, 12, 1974, 505
H. Schulz, B.R. Rao
Schwefelverbindungen in Erdoel und Erdoelprodukten
Erdoel und Kohle, 25, 1972, 14
H. Schulz, M. Munir
Temperatur-programmierte Kapillar-Gaschromatographie komplexer Kohlenwasserstoffgemische C3 bis C16
Retentionsindices bei isothermer und temperaturprogrammierter Arbeitsweise
Chromatographia, 1, 1968, 364
H. Schulz, H.O. Reitemeyer
Temperatur-programmierte Kapillar-Gaschromatographie komplexer Kohlenwasserstoffgemische C3 bis C16
Die Trennleistung in Abhaengigkeit von C-Zahl, Temperatur und Heizrate
Chromatographia, 1, 1968, 315
H. Schulz, H.O. Reitemeyer

6. Diesel-engine exhaust pollutants

Volatile organic compounds and particulates as components of diesel engine exhaust gas
Combustion and Flame, 118, 1999, 179
H. Schulz, G. Bandeira De Melo, F. Ousmanov
Über die Benzolbildung bei der dieselmotorischen Verbrennung von Modellkraftstoffen in einem Prüfmotor
Erdoel, Erdgas, Kohle, 112, 1996, 163
H. Schulz, G. Bandeira De Melo, F. Ousmanov
VOC emissions from Diesel engines
Proc. 26th International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation, Aachen Sept. 1993, P.:367; published by Automotive Automation Limited, 1993
H. Schulz, G. Bandeira, U. Ziwey, J. Geng, P. Mattes, P. Neisecke

7. Catalytic cracking of paraffins

Selectivity of hydrocarbon conversion with a non shape-selective zeolite catalyst
Proc. 5th Intern. Zeolite Conf., Napoli, 1980
H. Schulz, A. Geertsema
Die Kohlenwasserstoffspaltung an amorphen und kristalinen Aluminiumoxid/Siliciumoxid Katalysatoren
Erdoel und Kohle, 30, 1977, 313 (and DGMK Compendium 1976/77, 208-232)
H. Schulz and A. Geertsema

8. Continuous gas chromatography

Kontinuierliche Stofftrennung unter Gaschromatographie-Bedingungen. Die Trennwirksamkeit des Gegenstroms
Brennstoff-Chemie, 45, 1964, 231
H. Schulz, B. R. Rao
Separation of compound mixtures which are difficult to separate by distillation by a continuous process under the conditions of elution gas chromatography
Proc. 6th World Petroleum Congress, Section 5/4, Frankfurt 1963 (and Erdoel und Kohle 16, 1963, 577)
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, B. Firnhaber, B. R. Rao
Continuous counter-current separation under conditions of elution gas chromatography
Proc. “Gas Chromatography 1962”, P. 225, Ed. M. van Sway, Butterworths, London, 1962
H. Schulz
Kontinuierliche Trennung von Gasen durch ein neues Verfahren der Gegenstrom-Verteilung
Brennstoff-Chemie, 39, 1958, 148
H. Pichler, H. Schulz

9. Oil shale pyrolysis

Classification of volatile products evolved during temperature-programmed co-pyrolysis of Turkish oil shales with low density polyethylene
Fuel, 77, 1998, 1431
L.Ballice, M.Yüksel, M. Salam, R. Reimert, H. Schulz
Evolution of volatile products from Göynük (Turkey) oil shales by temperatureprogrammed pyrolysis
Fuel, 76, 1997, 375
L.Ballice, M. Yüksel, M. Salam, H. Schulz
Evolution of volatile products from oil shales by temperature-programmed pyrolysis
Fuel, 75, 1996, 453
L. Ballice, M.Yüksel, M. Saglam, H. Schulz

10. Miscellaneous

Trends in research and development of coal conversion to liquid fuels and basic chemicals in Europe
Pure and Appl. Chem., 51, 1979, 2225
H. Schulz
Polymethylen aus Synthesegas
in “Chemierohstoffe aus Kohle” P. 334, Ed. J. Falbe, Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1977
H. Schulz
Katalytische Gasphasenoxidation und oxidative Dehydrierung von Monomethylbutenen an einem V2O5-Schalenkatalysator
Erdoel und Kohle 29, 1976, 418
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, A. Zein El Deen
Katalytische Gasphasenoxidation von 2,3-Dimethylbutadien an V2O5-Katalysatoren
Erdoel und Kohle 29, 1976, 125
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, A. Zein El Deen
The Production of liquid fuels from coal in Europe and in Africa
Proc. 9 thWorld Petroleum Congress, Vol.5 PD 22 (4), 51, Tokyo 1975
H. Pichler, H. Schulz, Th. Heike
Hydroformylation of propene with ruthenium catalysts
Ind. Eng. Chem., Prod. Res. Dev., 12, 1973, 176 H. Schulz, F. Bellstedt
Lackverarbeitung und Luftreinhaltung; Untersuchung über die bei der Lacktrocknung in Durchlauföfen auftretenden organischen Substanzen aus den Lackbindemitteln
Staub, Reihaltung der Luft, 32, 1972, 471
H. Schulz, R. Günther
Untersuchungen der Nebenprodukte der Synthese von Acetylen durch partielle Methan-Verbrennung
Jahrbuch des Instituts für Gastechnik, Feuerungstechnik und Wasserchemie, 13-18, 1964
A. Herlan, H. Schulz
Die Umformung von Kokereigas durch Methanisierung in ein gegen Erdgas austauschbares Gas
Jahrbuch des Instituts für Gastechnik, Feuerungstechnik und Wasserchemie, 28-32, 1963
H. Schulz
Kombinierte Verwendung von Gaschromatographie und Massenspektrometrie zur Untersuchung der Zusammensetzung von Kokereigas
Brennstoff-Chemie, 43, 1962, 269
H. Pichler, A. Herlan, H.Schulz